Have you ever reached a point where you want more in your lifetime? You have achieved a lot of your master plan, adapted detours, coped when unexpected things consumed. All those dreams and goals that were so important;’ve come to fruition and you are feeling ready for something fresh.
In actuality, you might have begun to realise that the past couple of years are spent in cruise-control, comfortably meandering along.
You might have begun to notice in certain family members and friends that they are becoming more and more disillusioned with their lifestyles. They might even seem bitter or antagonistic towards those friends who are still energetic and dynamic, who have introduced into their days as time passes.
Seeing friends who appreciate working, who appreciate new challenges and interests, setting themselves testing new jobs can occasionally result in bitterness, jealousy, jealousy and even prompt sarcastic comments regarding how much they do. Comments like,’in their age, their period of life why do they worry, what do they expect to accomplish, why not sit back now and take it easy?’
But watching busy, lively friends may also inspire us to want more from life. It can inspire us to make an attempt to find the advantages in having a go. I want more in my entire life’. In a time like this it is great to mix with those that are demonstrating what is possible and can introduce us to a new awareness of our potential.
What offers motivation and purpose for you may not work for another, or even be applicable. We will need to nurture our own objectives, find ones that sustain and meet us on our way.
Equally it is important not to be overly reliant on others to keep us on track. We all have our own classes, learnings and insights to create. Yes, others may have the ability to give support but they are not likely to be heavily invested in our own life and achievement as we are. Expecting others to offer continuing interest, encouragement or observation may ultimately lead to bitterness, frustration and even the evolution of a possessive, co-dependent relationship.
When you want more in your life it can be useful to take time to explore and try out new opportunities to find out what suits you. Perhaps offer to help a friend, local company or charity. Volunteer and see what is involved. Give yourself a fair amount of time to get accustomed to the new requirements, discipline, Harker Heights Wildlife Removal and routine, to become knowledgeable about the skills needed; then you may discover the way you feel about making it more lasting.
Taking on more commitments does not mean overwhelming yourself however. Pace yourself and revel in this new phase of life. Pre-determine the amount of time you can realistically afford to spend but also accept that after you make a commitment other people can come to rely on your normal input and involvement.
And remember that the longer you remain in your comfort zone the smaller it becomes. When you decide you want more in your life be enthusiastic about regularly scaring yourself a bit with new experiences. It’s a terrific way to remind yourself that you are still alive!
Some will argue life at sea was easier back before regulations were established by the IMO, US Coast Guard and ABS. Many of the ships were Foreign Flags. Today you’ll find seafarers prefer American flagships; the pay is better, and they are unionized. “There’s a lot more paperwork today,” says Third Mate Mike Loesch. “Instead of doing just the noon report, you’re now doing three reports every day.”
Each Refuge House was commissioned by the United States Life-Saving Service. They had a keeper whose only job was to keep the home, keep it provided of food, clothing, Rat Removal and walk the beaches after the storms. When they came across a shipwrecked sailor they gave him”refuge” in their home. The guys got to stay for a week or two. Some got back on boats heading north. Over the years they have been operated by the US Coast Guard and the Navy. Today just one house remains in Martin County on Gilbert’s Bar. In 1976 it was recorded in the National Register of Historic Places.
This year the IMO’s theme for International Seafarer Day is well-being. Since this is a massive topic I thought I’d stay the program. And, enlist the help of a few seafarers. Third Mate Mike attends to his safety inspections or maintenance if the chief mate needs it done. After lunch he relieves another third mate and stands watch till dinner. The conclusion of the 12-hour day and another sunset. If the boat is docked, instead of standing watch on the bridge he would be in the cargo control room monitoring the cargo operations. Also making rounds on deck and assessing the lines. One thing you do not need is the ship to slip away from the dock.
Hot and cold meals are provided three times a day. Breakfast is your standard fare. Lunch and dinner offers a variety of fish, meat and a salad bar. If anybody has a food allergy, like I do, you will need to let the Captain know when you board the boat. In accordance with Civilian Mariner Wendy, I’d starve on the navy’s ship. Their food is mostly noodle foods using a salad bar and overcooked veggies. I find this ironic since she is on a logistics ship.
Must be inspection day today. Tensions are high. Everyone’s stressed. Not certain why. To me an inspection is a good thing. If they find something wrong on the boat it has reported, then mended. Right? Well, not necessarily correct. Usually from first-hand experience years earlier when they crewed. Surely not how things are done today or what you had been told to do. Regulations are changing all of the time, and everyone is expected to adapt. However, resources are not always made available.
Woohoo! After countless sunsets of reds, pink and gray, land is finally in sight. The ship is going into port where its team members get to go onshore for a mental health break. The only question – is it full of safety checkpoints or can you walk right off the ship and be in the center of everything? Some guys like to get away or take a break. Those that come in on a Foreign flagship usually visit Walmart before heading out again. Poor Wendy, that’s when she gets the busiest. She arranges travel for some of her crew members that are leaving the ship for vacation. They don’t get to leave the vessel until their replacement gets onboard. Mike and Captain Tod do not always go ashore either. They have this philosophy work is work. I don’t always agree. Sometimes it’s a good idea to get off the ship for a change of scenery. Even if only for a few hours. Maybe today, a few more crew members will join the ship. That would be a great help. Just like in corporate, the crew is asked to do more with less people. According to Mike, the difference is that the office building isn’t likely to run into something.
If you have read any of my things, you will know safety is a mega concern. Crowley Maritime sets it high on their list as well. Every meeting starts with a safety and cultural moment including wellness and behavior. They realize to be a high performing company they must support their workers work life balance and health. Their trainings vary depending upon the boat. Its operations. The seafarers and shore-
side personnel. Each oil ship has magnetic signs throughout the ship. “We don’t want to be responsive,” says David DeCamp, Sr Communicator, Strategist for Crowley Maritime. “We’re thinking prevention and avoiding incidents as far as possible.” Just remember, when you’re on the ship, it’s one hand for the ship and one hand for you. Keep your balance and keep safe.
Back riding the waves, the team appears happy. Many sunrises and sunsets later end of tour duty is fast approaching. I start to wonder what signs to watch for that people are ready to get off the boat. Oye! How can they handle the stress? After all, my stints on recreational boats are a lot briefer and less crew. So, I asked about.
“When the guys get silent,” says Mike. “If you are standing watch with them and for four hours they do not say 1 word when normally you would be having a fantastic conversation. You then’ll see them begin fouling things up a lot. Some guys will just explode, or else they’ll do something – either conscientiously or subconscientiously – where it’s jeopardizing their job.”
Wendy says you’ll hear of somebody who starts giving away things. Saying goodbye to others on the ship or simply seems despondent. These are usually signs of suicide, ” she says. Notably, amongst the younger crew members.
When it comes time to destress, hit the gym onboard the ship or do some kind of exercise. Talk to your peers and find some alone time. Frequent contact with your family is also important. Particularly if you’re married. It helps ease their anxiety also. If email isn’t easily available, write those emails , then once in port send them out all at once. Guaranteed the receiver will be looking forward to them. “Remember it’s important to look after yourself,” says Captain Tod. “Not only mentally but physically. Sometimes you have-to consume that pastry at 3:00am or beverage that thick coffee. Working long hours adds additional stress to your body both physically and mentally.”
Ultimately, it is important to enjoy your time off. Isn’t that one of the beauties of going to sea? Someone else is doing your job on the boat for the next 75 days or however long your tour of duty is. Recharge. Then get ready to get back out there for all those long hitches.
The beautiful and balmy Greek island of Crete is ideal for an active vacation. Many tourists flock here each year to unwind on the gorgeous beaches. But to see a different and somewhat quieter side to this holiday hotspot, why not consider a camping and trekking holiday on the island?
Hiking is the best way to find this rugged island. From mountain paths which take you up and over Crete’s rocky spine, to gorge walks that will demonstrate the scenic Samaria Gorge or Rouvas Gorge as well as many lesser known examples, a few of which are very difficult to cross. Up to now, it’s said that only ten people have been able to cross the almost inaccessible Gorge of Ha. Don’t worry however, there are also many easier coastal walks that the entire family will be able to enjoy.
Among Europe’s long-distance paths, E4, which comes all the way from Portugal, goes through Spain, France, Raccoon In Attic, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Serbia, Bulgaria and Greece before finishing in Crete. The route stretches from one end of the island, at Elafonisi, to Kato Zakros at the other, and is marked with black and yellow signs. Be warned however, not all of the walking routes on Crete are especially well signposted. It can be difficult to navigate on Crete due to the lack of detailed mapping. Basic orienteering skills and a compass are essential for any would-be adventurers that are wanting to explore the mountainous interior and dramatic gorges of the island. Bear in mind when hiking you will need sturdy trekking boots – the mountainous backbone of Crete has peaks of over 2000m and the terrain is steep and rocky in places. Also bear in mind it may get hot – wear sensible clothing to protect you from sunlight and always make sure you carry enough water with you.
Hiking in among the more accessible gorges of Crete is somewhat less challenging that ascending the mountains. Why not go to the popular Samaria Gorge? It is the longest in Europe, 18km long, and is among the most famous tourist attractions in Crete. Because of this, do not expect to walk alone. However, notwithstanding the crowds, this is a stunning walk with dramatic scenery, and a chance to see Cretan wild goats.
If you are going on holiday to Crete, consider leaving the stunning shores behind and heading inland, taking a walk to find out what this island is really all about. You’re sure to be amazed and enthralled by the scenery and the timeless wonder of this island.
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As we keep traveling and viewing the country side or when we sit at home and watch documentaries on television, we’re in awe of natures creation and attractiveness. We always want to be a part of that gorgeous scenario and enjoy the wonders of nature.
Most people have a great hobby of experiencing the above by going on hikes to such destinations. Hiking not only gives you an enjoyable sense but also is a fitness regimen for good health.
Doctors advise walking as a fantastic exercise for one’s health. As soon as you develop the habit and stamina for regular walking, venture out to hike which generally is on irregular surfaces. Begin with small walking excursions and slowly build it up for more challenging hikes.
One of the key reasons why most people go on hikes would be to break free from your daily mechanical lifestyles and simply enjoy the beauty of the outdoors. A number of them traveling with friends for partying while others enjoy the company of their family members for a picnic outing.
The following reasons should encourage you to pick up your backpacks and have a break from your everyday rituals.
Outdoor Excercise: Hiking lets you receive the much-needed exercise to keep your heart in good shape. Not only it can help you to control weight, but keeps you fit and energetic.
Experience Natures Beauty: Imagine the smell of fresh air, the caressing breeze, the swaying trees and flowers with their enchanting fragrance. The warm sunshine, the chirpy birds as well as the crunchy sound of dry leaves beneath your feet. There’s a joy in having your senses getting awakened to the wondrous world around you.
Freedom: Your body and mind relieve you of anxiety and worry. You forget your workplace and business worries for those gorgeous moments. It produces a sense of spirituality and makes you liberated. Further, it helps you de-stress and rejuvenate.
Friendship and bonding: Going with friends or family members create a feeling of oneness. There’s unity, love, and friendship that binds each one strongly. A drink or a meal together on your journey can make your trip a much more pleasurable experience.
If you have a lot of friends who love to travel or go camping, you’ve probably been invited to go trekking once or twice. It’s a fun activity for everyone whether you are the outdoor type or not. Hiking allows you to see amazing sights first hand and experience nature like no other. First and foremost, it helps you disconnect from gadgets like your phone or notebook and bond with friends in an amazing way.
If you’re planning to go in your first hiking trip, here are 3 essential tips for first-timers:
Choose an easy trail
Like any other sport or outdoor activity, hiking can be performed in various difficulties. It all depends on the trail you choose that ought to be appropriate for your level. As a beginner, choose one that is suitable for your level of fitness. As you begin to get the hang of it, you can opt for more difficult trails in the long run. You should also do your part to express yourself and get ready for the trip emotionally and physically. Practice at a nearby trail, going as far as you can each time and resting when you get tired. If you don’t have a trail to practice on, the gym would do – try exercises such as the elliptical and stair climber.
Get the basic equipment
Since hiking is an outdoor activity, you should be prepared for the outdoors concerning clothing and gear. The most important one is the footwear that you are likely to use. A good, quality pair of rubber shoes would do (based on the road ), but it is recommended that you invest in a good pair of hiking shoes/boots that offers ankle support and preferably one that is waterproof. It’s crucial that you break in these shoes before your hike to avoid blisters. But just in case, bring a few blister band aids.
Eat well and stay hydrated
You’re going to need loads of energy on your journey. Make sure to eat a good, solid meal before going and that you pack snacks with you (preferably light ones that contain plenty of natural sugars and healthy fats). Dried fruit and nuts are highly recommended. Stay hydrated too, so don’t forget your water bottle!
Bear in mind that hiking is both a psychological and physical activity so you should condition these two aspects of yourself before your trip. When it seems hard, just remember that what you’ll see at the end of your hike will all be worthwhile.
Ever heard of freestyle cruising at a Norwegian Cruise?
Freestyle cruising happens to be one of the very in-things in the island-hopping market. It’s considered as an intercontinental cruising characterized by a free spirited approach to appreciating a trip throughout the world’s great open seas. If you are among those who never believed such a holiday existed, continue reading.
Passengers can choose when they would like to eat, where they would like to consume, or how they would like to eat.
Living accommodation arrangements can be made freestyle also, with Norwegian Cruise’s wide array of accommodations from the biggest suites to extraordinary villas to interconnecting suites and staterooms that virtually fit any group size. The line’s complex of villas and deluxe owners’ treats have been aptly dubbed as having your ship in a ship. These accommodations offer luxurious and spacious bedrooms, world-class hotel type baths, sundeck, pool, exercise area, and a dedicated butler all conveniently situated on a private deck of the boat.
With Norwegian Cruise, you’re also able to design the sort of fun and entertainment you want as the line gets the youngest, technologically advanced, and high tech fleet to give you a truly innovative and memorable experience on board. The fun never stops with a varied array of nightlife, family fun and games, shore trips, and far more. On top of that, you can be assured that the Norwegian’s staff and crew won’t ever pull you off your bed just to queue for an on-shore tour. The freedom to choose is put at the maximum premium on these trips that you may freely opt to go with the group for a tour or just lounge on your bed the entire trip… of course, that wouldn’t be fun whatsoever.
This landmark service attribute of Norwegian Cruise truly exemplifies the very essence of going on a cruise: freestyle living with no hassles or even the slightest hint of compulsion from the staff and team is definitely the way to go.
When considering vacationing aboard a cruise liner, they are lots of people that are unconscious of what to expect. Individuals that have not had in a cruise liner before tend to be a little bit confused as it concerns cruise ship destinations and ports of calls. If you’re interested in using some kind of cruise, it’s advised that you familiarize yourself with cruise liner destinations and ports of calls.
A port of call is a termed that is used by many cruise companies. It’s used to refer to stops that a cruise ship will make on the way. If you are curious about booking a vacation aboard a ship which makes multiple port stops, then you will want to translate the ports available. Deciding on a cruise liner is enough to create any vacation perfect, but choosing the correct ports of calls will create a vacation even more enjoyable.
When examining the cruise ships provided by numerous cruise lines, you ought to automatically be provided with cruise ship stops. Information may be available regarding the amount of time the cruise ship plans on staying at a certain port. If the stop is long enough, you it is in a position to see local attractions.
All around the globe, they are many ports that cruise liners regularly stop at. Nearly all the hottest vents are found in the Caribbean. If you are looking for a tropical getaway, you may like to consider the climate of each port before making your reservation. Popular ports incorporate, but aren’t limited to, San Juan, Puerto Rico, and St. Thomas.
Caribbean cruises are often considered to be the most popular varieties of cruises, but they are not the single ones that are available. The ports of call on these cruises might be never be an option tropical, but they still offer many fun and exciting attractions for cruise liner travelers.
Additionally ports of call, you will also see information on a cruise ship’s final destination. When choosing a cruise ship, the final destination is extremely important. This is because most, but not each cruise ships return to their originally place of departure. For prevent unnecessary travel, it’s advised that you start looking for a cruise liner which returns to its original port of departure.
As above, cruises ship holidays are popular all across the planet. When selecting a cruise liner to vacation on, you’re encouraged to maintain this in mind. In addition the ports of call and onboard activities, you need to interpret picking a cruise liner determined by its location of death. If you are considering vacationing on a cruise, but while on a budget, then you might like to select a port of departure that is located approximately home. Printing so could prevent unnecessary travel expenses.
Cruise ships depart from ports all across the globe. Popular departure locations in the Untied States comprise, but are not limited to, Texas, New Jersey, Louisiana, Hawaii, and Florida. Additional departure ports might be around; nonetheless, it will all hinge on the cruise boat in question.
With all of the available cruise liner destinations and ports of call, choosing a cruise liner to vacation on may seem overpowering. Despite this overwhelming feeling, you are still encouraged to research all your available alternatives. Taking the occasion to research popular cruise ship destinations and ports of call is the most suitable way to make the most from your cruise ship voyage.
The company was founded way back in the year 1965 and has been offering its passengers with a few of the most memorable journeys and vacations ever since. The main rise to popularity for the Princess Cruises came with the launch of The Love Boat TV series that featured two of its cruise liners, the Pacific Princess and the Island Princess.
Embarking on a cruise with the Princess Cruises can be extremely exciting and scintillating. Moreover, the company offers its travellers with award winning service and characteristics which ensure that each of its guests have a fantastic time while on board. One of the main charms of this Princess Cruises is its exceptional cruise itineraries which cover a number of the most exotic locales of the world. With more than 1000 cruise itineraries and 300 interfaces to select from, tourists can also be spoilt for choice when it comes to picking a travel aboard the Princess. Moreover, each of the ships sailing under the Princess flag boasts of world-class support, sumptuous food and Maharaja style luxury. Voted as the Best Cruise Line Itineraries for 7 consecutive years, the Princess Cruises are second to none when it comes to sailing and luxury cruise liners.
The popular Cruise ships
The Princess Cruises also boast of a huge fleet which sail all over the world on various itineraries.
Great On-Board Experience
Another reason for the immense popularity of the Princess Cruises is its magnificent onboard encounter. The ship is packed with activities and things to do for tourists of all ages to keep them content and inhabited from sun rise up until sunset and beyond. Among the most popular beaches aboard the Princess is its piazza styled atrium that becomes the magnificent centrepiece on each of the ships. These atriums are dispersed over several decks and feature panoramic views of the boat, the signature Vines Bar and International Café and a breathtaking spiral stairs.
Other popular activities aboard the Princess Cruise Ships are poolside activities, cooking demonstrations, digital photography workshops, a variety of sports like golf and ping-pong, vast libraries, mesmerizing nightlife, grand casinos, designer boutiques, art auctions, youth centres and adolescent lounges and pampering spas. A few of the most popular innovations aboard the Princess are anytime dining choices and Movie Under the Stars. The latter is very popular amongst couples and fans since they offer an extremely romantic opportunity to watch a film with loved ones in a 300 square foot, 69000 watt poolside movie theater. This experience is made even better with personalized touches like cosy blankets, chaise lounges, free popcorn and cookies and milk.
One can also experience a behind the scenes boat tour which allows passengers to have a glimpse of how the ship runs and functions. The tour is offered once or twice daily and enables passengers to catch a glimpse of the control room, print shop, medical centre, photo laboratory, bridge, laundry area and other areas that are typically visited only by the boat’s crew.
Heavenly living accommodations
The living accommodations that are provided by the Princess Cruises are also amongst the best. Passengers can choose from a selection of accommodation options which include basic interior cottages, Ocean view cabins, cabins with balconies, mini suites with balconies, suites with balconies and grand suites. Irrespective of the choice of accommodation taken, passengers can expect to be treated to a range of excellent amenities and in space luxuries. The large and extremely comfortable beds, beautifully made baths, pleasant décor and in-room entertainment options make sure that guests have a fantastic time not only on board but in the rooms and cottages also.
Last, the Princess Cruises is also one of the few cruise liners which follow the century old traditions of Bon Voyage where family members and friends can board the boat to bid farewell to their loved ones before the ship embarks on its journey.
Stepping out of your car at the departure port is only the beginning. If you’ve never cruised before, prepare for a vacation of a lifetime. The excitement that builds up until you step onto the cruise ship is not as big as the excitement that you get once you actually start your adventure at sea.
Carnival Cruise Line definitely does a fantastic job with keeping their guests happy and satisfied throughout the excursion. The second you board the ship and place your belongings into your cabins, you’re constantly greeted with warm and friendly smiles from every employee on board. If you are in need of something at any point in time, whether day or night, a worker will always be there to help you. Before the ship departs, everyone on board matches up in the theatre and goes over a safety briefing.
There are activities for all ages night and day, and tons of entertainment that you truly get to experience during those days at sea. I mean, some mad hilarious entertainment like dance offs and harry chest competitions. The activities that happen on board bring families and friends together and even help you make friends as well, you could potentially stay in contact with for a lifetime. When your stuck on a ship for a few days with people, it’s nice to make new friends which you can hang around the casino with, maybe take dance lessons together and more. And Carnival definitely makes it easy to do so.
While on board, the employees try and bring people together with all their displays, entertainment on the deck during the day, etc. It is nice seeing everybody gathered around in one large area laughing and dancing together.
Apart from all the entertainment, the food on the ships are out of the world also! You’re guaranteed never to be hungry during your vacation, with the pizza bar, ice cream stand, and meals buffet they always have on the deck. It is extremely tasty food too! Also, every night there Is a timed dinner for your loved ones and friends to enjoy and the majority of the time, you get your own table, depending on how many people you have and all. However, the food there is amazing too. It’s a 3 course meal that will be hard to forget! And trust me, you’ll definitely leave full. Aside from the food, these dishes are a great time to share exciting events which happened throughout your day on board, or to discuss the excursions your family and friends took part in that day. During this time once more, the workers will always make sure you’re having a fantastic time! Some nights they sing, sing, and make you are friends and family involved too. Every second is filled with laughter and fun.
When it comes to ports of call, the workers on board are there to be sure you have a great time their too.
Carnival Cruise Line has left me and many others happy with full of unforgettable memories, and has had me wanting to go back on another cruise since the day I stepped from the ship, it also has me today wanting to work for the Cruise Line Industry at a certain point later on.
If you’re thinking about booking a cruise at a certain point in the future, try out Carnival Cruise Line, so that you can leave your vacation happy and filled with unforgettable memories also.
Day 1; We arrived at the port in Copenhagen, Denmark around 1:00pm, though you are able to board as early as 11am. We gave ourselves 3 hours to board (the boat sets sail at 4pm) so that we could research Copenhagen before we left on our holiday. This day included us exploring the ship and signing up for kids clubs. One of the incredible things about Disney, is their kids clubs. They have rooms for different aged kids to go hang out in, take part in activities and make new friends. This gives parents a chance to get some time alone and know their children are safe and having fun. After exploring the ship, everyone came together at Deck 9 to set sail and have fun during”Mickey’s Sailing Away Party.” During this, everyone waves to the passengers remaining in Copenhagen & dances along with Mickey & his buddies on stage. Once this is finished, we headed to the 6:30pm theater series. Based on the dinner time you ask (6:00pm or 8:30pm) you will either watch the theater series at 6:30pm or 8:30pm, the opposite time your eating dinner. I absolutely love the displays. Disney does an wonderful job coming up with themes and unique acts to entertain their audience.
Day 2 was a”Day at Sea”, so we did not stop anywhere. We enjoyed our day watching Disney films at Buena Vista Theater, participating in games at Vibe (a teen club), eating lunch at Cabanas (the buffet at deck 9), enjoying yet another theatre show, & eating dinner at one of the three rotational dining restaurants (Lumiere’s, Animators Palate, or Cariocas.) Based on your room card, you will rotate between these three distinct yummy restaurants. This means we were invited to dress fancy (like dresses & dresses or suits for men.) Day’s at sea are, in my opinion, one of the best times on the ship. Disney provides their guests with the option of either Cabanas (the buffet on deck 9), Lumiere’s (one of the 3 rotational dining restaurants), or one of the quick service restaurants on deck 9. . American cuisine kind of stand), and Pinocchio’s Pizza (a pizza stand where you can build any pizza you would like.) Disney Magic does a fantastic job producing grade A food all day and making sure to cook the food in a fast manner, but keeping the taste incredible. Now, the food isn’t the only reason I totally love day’s at sea. Though food is a key factor, Disney also provides their guests with a news article each night, permitting them to see what activities are brewing for them the following day (you also have the choice of utilizing their Disney Cruise Line app to see the activities and menus for every day.) This actions sheet is always filled with karaoke, newly released movies, workout games, and more during the days at sea. Disney makes sure their guests always have something new and fun to do on the boat, knowing some might get bored not having anyplace to dock.
Day 3 we stopped in Tallinn, Estonia. We arrived and walked Tallinn Old Town, which gave us a real idea of the culture. We also researched the Russian Orthodox Cathedral, The Estonian Maritime Museum (an old prison), and Fat Margarets Tower (a large building next to the ship.) Like most of you know, northern Europe has quite sketchy weather. Knowing this, I packaged a range of different layers and clothes. Tallinn stayed in the 60 degree F area during most of our visit, which was amazing. My dad and brother could wear just shorts and a t shirt, so it really depends on your tolerance for cool weather. I am a little girl, so the wind was a little chilly for me, explaining the long sweater.
Day 4 we stopped in St. Petersburg, Russia. On this day, we decided to find a bus driver and a tour guide (Alla Tours.) St. Petersburg had multiple churches (Church of the Spilled Blood for example) and palaces (Catherine’s Palace), so we needed someone to help us find our way around. I suggest finding a tour guide you trust (like Alla Tours), because during our visit to Catherine’s Palace (and a few other city monuments), the line wrapped around the building to get in, but our tour guide found a way to bypass the line and sneak us in, in only 15 minutes. Like Tallinn, St. Petersburg’s weather was quite strange. The morning was chilly and forced me to wear a scarf (Madewell) and a thick coat (Madewell), but later in the day the temperature got warmer (possibly 67 degrees F) which enabled me to wear just a light rain jacket (Spice), because St. Petersburg did tend to scatter every so often. On this night, there was no theater series due to all aboard being at 11:30pm. This means, you had the option of staying out in Russia until 11:30pm or arriving early and having dinner but no display.
This day was a bit shorter because all aboard was approximately 5pm. We decided to ride a carousel to see that the town & take a boat ride to explore a small island with background about Finland (Suomenlinna.) We didn’t realize how large and historical Suomenlinna was, therefore we were not able to see all its rich history. I recommend spending multiple hours here, if you decide to visit this place in Finland. Disney does not require you to dress up any of the nights on cruise, but during these special nights, it is highly encouraged.
This day was shorter because all aboard was 3:30pm. We decided to see the Armory & the Royal Palace next to it. If you are traveling with any boys or guys, I suggest visiting the Armory. It was very cool for my brother and dad to see all of the military armor, weaponry, and royal carriages. We also purchased tickets for the Hop on Hop off bus, but it was quite busy and packed (due to all the ships docked in Stockholm that day), I would not recommend buying a ticket for this bus in this town. This night Disney included”Anna & Elsa’s Frozen Deck Party”, which meant we all went up on Deck 9 before dinner to watch the Frozen characters dance and sing on stage. Disney also changed their theatre show on this night. Unlike their usual broadway style show, they provided us with a comedian show.
Day was our final day, which means that it was another”Day at Sea.” This day was much like Day 2, except that the cruise included activities like scrap booking all your memories & jack jack’s diaper dash (a race between infants who can crawl.) Usually my family and I like to eat lunch at Cabanas (the unlimited buffet is always nice), but on this day, my dad and I decided to try out Lumieres for lunch. Both meals were fantastic! Disney once again found a way to blow us away. Once the day was almost to an end, we appreciated the final series (Disney Dreams) and also a dinner at Animators Palate (among the 3 rotational restaurants.) After all was finished, the cruise wrapped up the day by having a”See you real soon” party in the Lobby Atrium on Deck 3. This show included a wave good bye to all the figures on board along with a pin trading session (all of the guests on board came together to trade their Disney pins.)
Day 8 was our final morning on the boat, which meant you went to breakfast in the place you had dinner in the night before or eat at Cabanas (the buffet on Deck 9.) For my family and I, we ate at Animators Palate once again. After eating the last meal on the ship, everyone disembarked and headed to the airport to fly home. Disney allows all of their guests to eat and explore the ship before leaving, which was fine because we did not feel rushed to get off the ship and allow the new guests start their holiday.
This 7 night cruise from Copenhagen was a fantastic trip and well worth the cost. I know plenty of people are thinking,”A cruise is way to expensive. You pay for an expensive ship, expensive plane tickets, expensive hotel nights before the trip, expensive excursions, & pricey trinkets,” but I’m here to tell you, it’s all worth it. My family and I have seen and made memories that I may never be able to make again. I’m a 16 year old girl and I’ve already been to more countries than half the adults I know, & this is all because my parents were prepared to spend the money to take me on a life altering cruise in the Baltic.
Flying privately is becoming more and more popular and is no longer for the rich and famous. There are many different private jets that charter daily, among the most popular jets is the Embraer 120.
When you choose private jets as your travel choice than you need to learn about the different jets available to you. Knowing what different personal jets are on offer can help you to choose which one is suitable for your adventure. The Embraer 120 is one of the jets which may be found at most private aviation companies. This jet is perfect for businessmen. With a seating capacity of 30 people it is simple to fly yourself and your team members to your destination in luxury and relaxation. It is a twin-turboprop that can reach a maximum speed of 608 mph during flight. Its sleek design aids in this rate and will surely make sure that you get to your destination on time. This jet requires 2 pilots and only 1 flight attendant which means you can enjoy first class personalised service throughout your trip. It is a fantastic jet to travel on, especially when you want private service but still need to transport a large amount of people. It’s certainly a jet that’s worth hiring for your next business trip.
Why should you decide to fly privately?
Flying privately is considered a luxury by most. This is certainly the case but it does not mean that they common man cannot enjoy travelling by private jet. What you want to consider is that the reasons why you’d want to fly independently. The fact of the matter is that it is necessary for individuals to fly nowadays so as to get to overseas destinations. Private jets, because of being smaller than commercial airlines have the ability to get you to remote destinations which have smaller landing strips. Thus, a private jet may be necessary depending on the place you need to travel too.
The other important aspect that has to be taken into consideration is comfort. When gearing up to do a big presentation for the offices overseas you’ll need to be refreshed. Flying commercially might not be able to offer you the necessary peace and quiet to do this. Not to mention the fact that you will need to endure a long flight with hundreds of different men and women. Flying privately will ensure that you have the time to prepare, get some great rest, enjoy delicious food and personalised service. In addition to that you will have the ability to hire the plane at a time that suits you, instead of choosing what the airline is dictating.
Lufthansa is a Germany-based airline, operating under the company name Deutsche Lufthansa AG. It’s the biggest carrier in Europe on the basis of passengers transported as well as fleet size. In addition to commercial flight services, the parent company also offers numerous other aviation services. This airline started its operations in the year 1955 and contains two major hubs at Munich and Frankfurt Airports. Additionally, it has a secondary hub at Düsseldorf Airport that assists the carrier in smooth functioning by the carrier. Most of its operations are tracked from the registered office and headquarters in Cologne. Lufthansa Airline has emerged as one of the best service providers all across the world and has also been acknowledged for offering top-notch services during the journey.
It is one of the founding members of the Star Alliance – a major alliance in the world. It has increased the reach of the carrier significantly, allowing traveller to opt for Lufthansa Airline booking for many destinations, where it does not operate a direct flight. In addition to this, it also shares codes with Luxair, Air India, JetBlue Airways and Air Malta. This means that people can avail services of those carriers by reserving tickets with Lufthansa. People, that are looking forward to traveling with this airline, can undergo the following information before booking their tickets.
Like other service providers, individuals can pick from three travel classes – First, Business and Economy Classes. More than 500 choices are recorded in the Lufthansa flight Program. Having a fleet size of over 270 aircraft, this company connects major cities lying in 78 countries. Travellers can get a opportunity to experience a hassle-free travel in a number of the latest aircraft manufactured by Airbus and Boeing by making their bookings with this carrier. They can easily find the detailed information concerning the program on online travel portals.
Lufthansa Flight Fares
The price of making reservations depends on the booking class and destinations. As an example, ticket prices are higher for First and Business Class when compared to Economy Class. The free baggage allowance defers with the class of booking. Travellers can also select the private jet services supplied by the carrier. It is known for offering value for money services; hence, individuals can opt for this airline for their traveling without giving a second thought. They can also avail benefits of its frequent flyer program to make the travel more economical. It is a 3-tier program – Miles and More Member, Frequent Travellers, Senator and Honorable Circle Member. The status depends on the number of miles per hour, which is offered to passengers on each Lufthansa Airline booking. Travellers can get alluring deals and offers by making reservations online.
This airline allows travellers to check their flight status after booking the ticket. They can check it by using dedicated mobile applications or online travel portals by simply providing the PNR number as an inputsignal.
Log cabins are a trend. It’s an ideal option and there are a lot of styles that you can pick from and this is what makes the option such an interesting one. When you purchase at wholesale, you are able to spend much less. This option is most suitable for anyone who’s willing to buy their logs at a cost that is fair. It is also ideal for anyone who wishes to build many houses at exactly the same time.
The main thing is to shop carefully and to compare the prices from other companies in order to find the one offering the finest quality at the fairest prices. You can purchase and then ship the only things that you need for the job at hand.
Building for less
Building can be an experience that is not only rewarding, but also fun as well for your entire family. If you do not plan, it can also turn out to be a nightmare. When you buy a kit that has everything included it can actually cost you more than when you buy the materials for yourself.
To avoid this additional expense, it’s reasonable to buy the logs at wholesale and save some money. You can have these shipped to you and taken right to the website.
There are several suppliers who can meet your buying needs at the lowest prices. As you make the purchase, it’s important to ensure that you can be able to customize the option and meet the specifications that you really need.
The best suppliers need to have a great reputation in the industry. Prior to purchasing, it’s important to ensure they’re well known and that their products are of the highest quality. Such suppliers can actually assist you in planning and estimating the cost of the structure. It is always important to look at the prices so as to have the ability to compare the sort of savings that you will be able to make.
These kinds of structures are excellent for home offices, and excellent garden buildings. It’s important to ensure that they are spacious and with a calm environment. You can also choose them as a vacation home, or even a permanent home. The thick materials used help to make certain that they can be used throughout the year. Therefore, the thickness is among the most important things that should be considered.
The most important thing when making the purchase is understanding just what you need. It’s important to make your specifications quite clear and include all of the features which you deem to be essential for you.
A fire is required in just about any backpacking, hiking, or camping survival situation. It can look like a simple task building a campfire, but most men and women struggle building one. Furthermore, it may be more difficult to construct a campfire if you run out of matches. Whether it’s a campfire for cooking or for providing heat during cold nights, it’s essential that you know the proper way to build a campfire, with or without games, when camping.
Nothing beats the taste and appeal of foods cooked over the campfire. The freedom to cook over an open fire today is a privilege due to restricted regions of camping and declining firewood stocks in many campgrounds. This calls for extreme caution and respect.
Pay attention to the floor where the fire is going to be lit before beginning to prepare the fire place. It is recommended you build the fire over a rock. In case it is not possible on a rock, you should be sure that the base of the fire is on a bare mineral soil. The fire will be burning all evening, thus will have a great deal of time to burn through the organic layer of the soil. When the time comes to put out the fire, a simple bucket of water won’t do-have a fire extinguishing mechanism in place. First, look out for previously established pits, if any, before scarring the area with more fire pits.
Campfire for cooking needs to be clean, and burning hot. Getting green wood from trees will not bear fruit as its fire burn badly and create unnecessary smoke. You can pack in dry wood to carry along in case it will not be available. Call ahead to see what is available as many people campgrounds supply firewood.
Strong winds are poisonous in cooking. And may cause sparks getting away, which can spark forest fire. Strong winds reduce firewood fast and offer much less cooking time. Thus, a wind shelter is necessary to daunt important winds from interfering with your cooking.
These are small materials that ignite easily and fast with a spark. The material need to be dry and finely shredded as possible.
Medium-sized substances that could catch fire from tinder, quickly. Kindling may include little twigs, dry leaves, larger pieces of barks, or sticks. Kindling material has to be dry, small items in order to catch fire.
Building a Campfire for Cooking
When building a campfire for cooking, the purpose is to have the timber turn to coal at precisely the same time. This would produce an even fire with no flames going up to the food or blackening your cookware. This also builds the longest cooking time from the fire produced.
The fire site should be located at least 8″ from any combustibles. Ensure no tree branches hang round the site. Use green logs or massive rocks to make a U-shaped perimeter around the fire area. If using logs for the perimeter, have them wetted down from time to time. In the event of a breeze, have back end of fire place face the wind. Create some kind of chimney; you can have a big flat rock put at the rear of the fire place, to help direct the smoke up and away.
Laying the Kindling
Spread the fire area with tinder. Put kindling material over the tinder in layers, interchanging direction with every layer. You can employ use of thin splits of wood or small dead branches. Do not place kindling stuff the”teepee style”. Cover the entire fire area with the kindling heap. To start the fire, light the tinder material.
Blazing the Fire and Grading the Coals
When the kindling material is ablaze, add firewood. The wood should have the identical size, as far as possible. It is possible to use wood or wood branches. Spread wood evenly over the fire bed. When flames start to die down leaving largely white coals, remove the white coals by shoving them in the lower level at the front and rear end in a higher level. This would level the remaining coal to your liking. Set rocks or wetted green logs around the fire for placing the grill or toaster for cooking.
Even though the tepee method is much more popular, the log cabin procedure is the best for cooking.
Log Cabin Method
First, you build a small tepee of tinder and kindling in the center of your fireplace. Then stack wood logs a foot or less apart in an interchanging pattern around the tepee in the shape of a square. The distance between logs allows for air flow from bottom to top of the fireplace. Build the timber logs as large as you would like. Light the kindling in the center. You can blow into the tepee if the fire struggles to set ablaze or dig small air holes beneath the base logs. Keep the fire at a fair and safe size.
This is achieved by building a solid log cabin, with the largest logs at the bottom and something about the size of your wrist on top. The platform is for those who want a wonderful bed of coals to cook . You don’t need to wait for all of it to burn down before you start cooking.
The platform procedure is known as”upside down” fire when bigger logs are used. It is maintained for its ability to burn for a long time, unattended. Remember to put the biggest logs on the bottom and scale to smaller stuff on top. Light fire on top. As you practice, you will figure out the perfect size of wood needed to make fire that burns on its own, all night.
It can be slightly difficult learning how to create campfire using platform procedure. The trick is to produce a large enough teepee on top so as to create a bed of coals that will be capable of burning through the first layer, igniting it, building a larger bed of coals etc..
The Tepee Method
Compact the tinder to a ball formation, about 4″ in diameter. Then place it in the middle of the fire place. Stack the kindling material to a corn formation, around the tinder. Lean wood logs on the kindling. Leave an opening at the teepee for light the pile of tinder from the bottom with matches. The fire spreads to the kindling and logs once the tinder lights; providing you a great campfire. You can blow softly on the fire to get it spread to the kindling and wood. In case the fire goes out, add more tinder or kindling. When the blaze is moving, keep adding logs from the tepee pattern.
Never build your campfire closer than 6 feet from your shield, near low-hanging branches, or vegetation.
There are a whole lot of ways to construct campfire, but the important thing here is to practice, find the method that suits your cooking and you’re comfortable with. You can even customize the fire to your unique needs on a given night, Practicing the hard way, with Ferro rod, knife and tinder, and leaning to prepare your own wood with limited tools helps develop vital skills for survival.
To many people, tarantulas are disgustingly revolting because they’re hairy, stocky, and fearsome-looking. . .But to other individuals, they are TERRIFIC! Despite their reputations, most tarantulas are harmless to people and are popular in exotic pet trade. There are no true tarantulas that are known to have a bite that is deadly to humans.
. .Yup, that is what I said!
Tarantulas range in colours from brown, black and grey (very drab) to excitingly colorful varieties of metallic blue, white and black, bright orange, and cobalt blue.
Tarantulas are very often hairy and rather large. They do not spin webs, unless they live in a tube, because they hunt their prey on the ground. If they live in a tunnel, they are known to line that tunnel with web to catch wandering prey. They use their speed and ambush capabilities to catch different spiders and insects. Larger varieties are even know to catch lizards, birds and rodents.
My Story: When I lived in Australia back in 1994-95, I was on the phone with my mum in Canada as I had been wandering around the house. All of a sudden, I let out a massive scream and dropped the phone. I return to pick up the phone to explain to her that I just walked into the restroom. In the bottom of the bathtub was a big, hairy spider about the size of a saucer (like it’s legs), and it was making a sound and leaping about 1 1/2 ft into the air.
I was so petrified, I did not know what to do. My mom was scared on the opposite end of the phone as I got a clear plastic container and hauled some holes into the bottom of it, and covered it up in the bathtub until my roommates came home, who were native Aussies…
They believed it was so funny that I was so scared, but I had never seen one before, being from Canada! They safely let it outside for me. Not my cup of tea, but many people loves these little guys! I wish I’d have considered taking a photograph of it!
Tarantulas rely on their thick exoskeleton for protection and support. The body length of tarantulas vary from 2.5 – 10 cm (1-4 inches), with 8-30 cm (3 to 12 inch) leg spans (their size when adding their legs).
Conservation Status: For the most part, tarantulas are doing well. However, the Mexican red-knee tarantula is on the Critically Endangered list according to WWF. This is because urbanization, increasing tourism, and exploitation of wildlife are high-intensity threats to the region, as are road construction, perennial plantations, and ranching.
With”That is just the way it is”. Elephants are gray, canaries are yellow, so why should not flamingos be pink? Well, there really is a very good reason.
First of all, young flamingos are not pink, they are gray (like an elephant) for about the first few decades of life, and they turn pink. Not all adult flamingos are pink either, though most are either pink or a shade of red near pink. Of the five species of flamingo in life, the Caribbean flamingo, is truly a very bright crimson red. In general, adult flamingos are red, pink, or somewhere in between. That still begs the question however, “Why are Flamingos Pink”.
Genetics would seem to be the obvious answer, but it is not the best one. There’s the old saying”You are what you eat”, and flamingos are pink due to their diet. If you place a flamingo in captivity, and give it something to eat instead of its usual diet, the bird will so start to lose its coloring, and become more white than pink. The fact that we do not see more white flamingos in zoos is because the zookeepers are careful to provide the flamingos a distinctive flamingo food, containing all the nutrients they would get in their natural habitats.
A flamingo’s diet is high in beta-carotene, the same substance we consume when we eat carrots. Among other things, flamingos eat crustaceans, especially shrimp. Their natural habitat is in shallow lakes and wetlands, where fish have a tendency to thrive. Flamingos also eat algae, another source of beta-carotine and carotenoid pigments (red). When you think of it, somebody who likes carrots and eats a few a day can take on a slightly orange hue for their complexion. That actually happens, and isn’t unhealthy though it may seem so.
, you can honestly say it’s because they eat shrimp. You can go into some detail with the cartenoid piece if you desire, but for our purposes, just saying fish should suffice. Then if you’re pressed, you can cite cartenoids and beta-carotine, as if that’s something everybody should already know!
If the person still doesn’t believe your answer, you can let them know that flamingos also fly and march, two more details about flamingos that are true. We are so used to seeing flamingos from the zoo just standing on one leg (it is the most comfortable way for them to stand), or as lawn ornaments in the area, we forget they’re quite capable of flight, and in fact fly from one place to another in enormous flocks. Insofar as marching is concerned, should you find a group (actually a colony) of flamingos on the floor, and observe them over a period of time, you will eventually see them march. You will know it when you see it.
It’s just as versatile as it is cheap and it can be served with a number of different sauces. Sadly, this is a simple carbohydrate meaning that your body breaks it down and burns it fast. As such, it is gotten a negative reputation among the weight loss community. After, however, are several incredible reasons why this delicious dish should be made a routine part of your daily diet.
For busy people, this is one of the most portable foods on the market. For instance, if you regularly pack your lunch for work, it is easy to store this in a coverage dish and rewarm it in lunch time. This will offer a hearty, filling meal that will provide you a great deal of energy and at a minimal price. Bringing leftover pasta to function is infinitely less expensive than paying to have someone in a regional deli make your lunch for you.
Another major benefit which you can gain from this food is the capacity to make vegetables tasty. As an example, if you have a difficult time getting your kids to consume a great deal of produce, this is a great way to sneak a vibrant selection of nutrient-dense veggies into your kid’s meals. Your child will hardly know that you have diced up peppers, zucchini, tomatoes and olives to this dish.
There is no way to overstate the fact that pasta is remarkably cheap. Moreover, one small box can go a very long way. For families that are constantly trying to eke it out, this is the perfect food for ensuring that everybody is able to sate themselves at dinnertime, every time.
Bodybuilders load up on this carbohydrate with good reason. It breaks down to lots of usable energy. Whether you’re presently working in the gym to build up your mass or just need more fuel to get you through the day, begin munching on this simple food at lunch time and you’ll find that you have more stamina and better focus for hours on end.
People should be aware they don’t always have to cook this dish at home so as to recognize its many remarkable benefits. You can enjoy how simple, portable, flavorful and filling pasta is by simply taking your family out to a restaurant which serves Italian food. Best of all, you can take any leftovers you must lunch with you the next day, so you may enjoy the succulent and perfectly blended flavors of this popular cuisine all over again.
Salamanders can actually live for a very long time. In fact, a number of them can live for up to 25 years. However, this can only be achieved if you take good care of your furry friend salamander. If you want your pet to live a longer life, then below are a few tips on how to care for your salamander properly:
Number 1: Before you acquire a salamander, you want to secure a particular collection permit from your local division of wildlife and conservation department. Your local authority may be issuing this permit to allow you to keep a salamander in your home.
A tank that measures 1×2 feet is enough for a little to midsize salamander. However, it is possible to go to as large as 3×4 feet. It should be tight enough to maintain the salamander from penetrating.
Number 3: Make sure you fill the tank with soil or sand for about 4 inches deep. Dig a hole in the sand and put a bowl of water in it. You may also use an old cake pan or loaf bread pan so that it is going to fit well with the height of the sand. You need to provide an appropriate substrate for burrowing too.
Number 4: Put fresh water into the container. Salamander loves to stay in damp, dark and green areas; hence you may place green plants inside the tank. When you add water inside the tank, the runoff will eventually keep the sand moist.
Number 5: Safe rocks and other things that can be utilised as colors like driftwoods and leaves and put it inside your tank. But, make sure you put it in an organized manner so that it will not ruin your set up.
Number 6: Salamanders produce excess waste. If you are unable to do this, ammonia will lodge inside the tank causing your tank to be polluted.
Number 7: See to it that your tank is dry for terrestrial terrarium, but maintain your substrate slightly moist. If you are keeping semi-aquatic salamanders, be certain that the land part is moist, but not submerged in water. In the meantime, the water on the wet-side must always be clean.
Number 8: Salamanders can be kept in room temperature. Normally, salamanders have sensitive skin and they have the tendency to acquire chemicals instantly. Hence, they don’t need certain UV lights. Rather, see to it that you rotate the daylight and dark cycle to mimic their natural surroundings.
Having a pet in your home can wipe out your stress and give you a different feeling of happiness. Surely, you’ll find a worthwhile moment with your own salamander. However, as soon as you have your own salamander, make sure you don’t forget your responsibilities as a pet owner. Take good care of your salamanders well so that they will live long and happily together with you.
Iguanas are magnificent reptiles and possessing them means knowing them. Knowing about them will make caring for them so much easier. I strongly recommend doing your own research as sadly some pet stores will let you know what you want to hear in order to make”the sale”.
I strongly recommend beginning your iguana out in a 20 gallon aquarium (or its equal). Before bringing him/her home, ensure the enclosure is ready for housing. Ensure your iguana enclosure has UVA and UVB lighting, heat lamp (I do not recommend”heat stones” as reptiles in general tend to stay on them and can burn), hide box (babies will conceal ) and a water container large enough for your iguana to completely submerge in (they love water).
After bringing your iguana home, place it in it is already ready enclosure and let it settle in for a day or so. It’s imperative to allow your new addition to acclimate to its new surrounding. This can help”tame” your iguana making him/her more trusting and secure.
Being a tropical to sub-tropical species of reptile, higher humidity within the enclosure will be essential (80% or higher), as is proper temperature. Temperature during the day will have to be approximately 88 – 93 degrees (f). Use a UVB”black light” to accomplish this and put it on the other side of this”day” lamp.
Don’t be alarmed if your iguana shy’s away from food for the first few days. This is quite common until acclimated to its new environment. It’s still vital to put their food inside their enclosure. Start them out with finely cut romaine lettuce and red cabbage (they love romaine lettuce) for a few days. This will”break them in” and prompt them to feed.
*80% vegetables (clover, romaine lettuce, squash, green beans, peas, mustard greens, collard greens, kale and turnip greens).
*10% fruits (melons, bananas, grapes, strawberries, apples and pears). One flower to avoid is the azalea.
In its simplest form: 80% vegetables + 10% veggies + 10% blossoms = 100% nutrition!
Keeping your iguana enclosure clean is quite important! If their enclosure is dirty, your iguana can become vulnerable to parasites. Parasites can and eventually will lead to illness or worse kill your iguana (s). If you see fecal matter, rotting food, or clouding in their own water, clean the enclosure immediately.
In conclusion, Mimicking nature is the surest way of keeping your iguana healthy and happy.
As time goes by, you won’t think that your once little lizard is now as long as you. Once your iguana matures, you’ll feel as if he/she is part of the family!
The last step is to locate a excellent exotic vet for your iguana. It’s wonderful to know that if something should go wrong, you have an exotic veterinarian who knows your iguana and what is needed to keep them happy and healthy.
Some substrates are regarded as safer than others, while some are downright dangerous. There are a few that people have varying viewpoints on, such as sand.
Your lizards will not succeed on bare glass, so it is a good idea to provide them with something to live on. There are lots of different options available, from paper to sand to stone to wood chips. You can discover many of them in your home or local pet shop. However, don’t assume security.
Some are more suitable than others, and some are really hazardous to your lizard and can cause considerable health problems. Do not assume that just because a substrate is supplied in the pet store, it will be safe. Even bedding branded for leopard geckos may not be a good idea.
Leopard geckos should not be housed on cedar or pine, as these aromatic woods are poisonous to them, and to almost every other small animal kept as a pet. The substances that keep these wood chips smelling good are also toxic when inhaled in large quantities or when eaten.
Bear in mind that there is a fantastic chance your pet will consume some of its substrate when it catches insects, or in an effort to maximize its calcium levels.
This tendency is one reason that some people choose to bed their lizards on particular calcium-rich sand, as it provides a calcium supplement when ingested, and will not be poisonous. However, there’s some debate about the digestibility of the substrate, as well as concern over using other forms of sand, because they can cause blockages of the digestive tract.
If sand is chosen, make sure it’s the finest sand you can find, as opposed to a coarser builder’s sand, and provide regular and copious calcium supplementation to dissuade your lizard from eating it. Lots of people successfully keep their animals on sand without any problems, but they must pay careful attention.
If using paper, such as newspaper or paper towels, be sure that it’s sterile, or any inks used are non-toxic. Just remove the paper and add fresh substrate whenever it’s dirty. It is not a very natural looking option, however.
Bark is usually a poor option, being hard to clean and easy to consume. Reptile carpet, specially made to be used with snakes and lizards, is a washable, easy to clean substrate that comes pre cut into the most popular tank sizes, but doesn’t offer a natural appearance.
Some people also choose to use slate or ceramic tiles, since these are relatively natural in appearance (unglazed ceramic is better for this than glazed) and offer horizontal basking surfaces without the danger of substrate ingestion.
No matter what substrate you opt to use, make sure it’s clean and free of harmful objects or substances before placing it into your terrarium. Decide whether you want to simply be able to wash it, or if you’ll want to replace it if its dirty, and if a natural look is a big priority. This will say the best bedding for your geckos.
Every year, ball python breeders are coming out with a new colour or pattern morph to satisfy the needs of keepers and breeders alike. Over the last few years, there has been a surge in producing various pattern or color morphs, which would be the envy of the snake world. These can cost upwards of tens of thousands of dollars. There are still plenty of normal ball pythons being bred in captivity for the pet but there’s definite change in the market.
More and more people today are keeping reptiles; specifically snakes in general as pieces of living art. From the late eighties, there was a man who changed the thinking of reptile keepers everywhere with a book called The Art of Snake Keeping. Philippe de Vosjoli has been a source of not only reptile keeping information but also a source of inspiration for many keepers today. Philippe educated us then and now that a natural environment is the very best way to celebrate our reptiles.
Reptile collectors today are not satisfied purchasing a snake, placing it into a fish tank with a screen lid, and a heater. They see their reptiles as an investment and wish to display them, as they want a Picasso painting. We still see the usual buyers of reptiles within the pet industry but there’s a definite increasing percentage of individuals who are purchasing the higher wind or more costly morphs so as to create their personal artistic statement in there home or office.
Solving the mystery
Keepers are way more knowledgeable today as all of us are about the maintenance specifics of reptiles. Over the last three decades, many individuals have learned, with much more knowledge about their chosen reptile they could make informed decisions about which product(s) will provide them not only a better environment but also a better means of reptile keeping. Nowadays more keepers are recognizing it is not about just captive care of reptiles in general, but about the natural history of the entire genre, which is currently making a difference in the way they keep their snakes. Using the ball python for instance, many keepers thought for years that this species was just a fossorial snake. Now we know that ball pythons from some areas climb into small shrubs and spend time there off the floor. With the trend of creating a more natural environment for our snakes we are observing new behaviors; I would be willing to say, if the reptiles were bred under those conditions we would also see an increasing trend towards better breeding success.
Product manufacturers are also more aware of this increasing trend also. They now produce a better line of goods to fulfill the requirements of the discerning keeper. Together with the manufacturers understanding just as much if not more about our reptiles, we’re no longer looking through a bay window onto a large environment but a microscope into the world that makes up the microenvironment of the reptiles we keep. With this knowledge, we are able to supply a far better captive environment, one highlighting the snake, as opposed to just keeping it alive.
Many parameters enter this type of environment. In the past, all we had were fish tanks with screen lids as I had mentioned earlier. Today we have plexiglass enclosures, which are simpler to maintain. Plexiglass not only is easier to heat but in addition, it holds the humidity necessary for keeping tropical species such as the ball python.
Aside from the advent of new materials such as plexiglass for the enclosure, we now have a firmer grasp on the understanding of plants, substrates, heaters, and several other pieces of equipment that need to maintain a healthy environment for our reptiles. Manufacturers taking advantage of the, are now producing some extraordinary products which make snake ownership possible for almost anyone who has an interest. With all this knowledge available to people we still see the most frequent mistake with the new snake keeper.
They buy the snake and what they believe are the perfect materials for the environment and then place all of this into the old kind of fish tank enclosure. The significant issue with keeping most tropical creatures in this sort of enclosure is that there is a huge amount of air exchange when screen lids are used. If you live in a dry area such as myself this sort of enclosure will require misting numerous times a day. This is a very time consuming process. If you’ve made a higher end investment this is a critical component of captive care to mist the snake and then monitor its environment. Using the right enclosure such as the ones made by Ricky’ s Reptile Enclosures will save you from having to go through this issue.
Now you know which enclosure to buy, but the fun does not stop there. These are cheap and easy to clean; therefore, they make sense for the breeder trying to keep costs to a minimum. Breeders use either pine shavings or newspaper to keep their snakes. The showcase snake though won’t be display properly on these substrates.
The Right Plant
The planted vivarium isn’t as hard as it may seem, it is really an issue of plant selection, placement, and the use of the right soils. I use organic potting soil that is pearlite free and landscape the enclosure so the rear of the enclosure is slightly graded or sloped towards the front. The organic potting soil is fine on its own but to really get a nice look to the total vivarium I place a layer of orchid bark or cypress mulch on top.
Not only do plants help create oxygen inside the enclosure, they also provide a level of humidity as does the soil/mulch mixture. With the ball python being such a’heavy bodied’ snake there is certain amount of concern with using plants in the enclosure lest they be crushed with a wandering snake. Delicate ferns and other similar plants will not stand up to a wandering P. regius.
We must also be cautious of any plants which may be toxic to a reptile. Not to mention the fact that several of the plant recommendations you see online sound great. However, what they do not tell you is that their recommendations are actually bushes that can become extremely large. As an example, 1 recommendation I saw was for Callistemon, which they also had misspelled as Callistemom commonly called bottlebrush. Most websites list this as a TREE, which gets 10-12 feet in height. The other one that struck me as odd was the recommendation of Bougainvillea, which has very sharp thorns among the limbs. Why would you recommend that for a reptile or amphibian enclosure?
Here’s a list of non-toxic plants that you could use without fear of them growing into trees or stabbing a drifting snake. Pothos Epipremnum pothos aureus, Liriope Lily turf, & Aspidistra Cast Iron plant are all plants that I have used within the vivarium itself and have not had any issue. Some mosses may be used as ground cover too but I have not used them before so I cannot make any recommendations . Aside from the plants, add a sandblasted grapevine bit angled from among the bottom corners of the enclosure into the opposite top corner diagonally so the snake can decide to be either higher or lower. I have yet to find a branch be provided that was not used at some stage.
You must also offer some type of hide area within the enclosure. Personally, I like the half logs which are offered for this purpose. Buy one that the snake can enter and when coiled their body should encounter the sides. This is a critical piece as it enables the snake to feel protected.