A fire is required in just about any backpacking, hiking, or camping survival situation. It can look like a simple task building a campfire, but most men and women struggle building one. Furthermore, it may be more difficult to construct a campfire if you run out of matches. Whether it’s a campfire for cooking or for providing heat during cold nights, it’s essential that you know the proper way to build a campfire, with or without games, when camping.
Nothing beats the taste and appeal of foods cooked over the campfire. The freedom to cook over an open fire today is a privilege due to restricted regions of camping and declining firewood stocks in many campgrounds. This calls for extreme caution and respect.
Pay attention to the floor where the fire is going to be lit before beginning to prepare the fire place. It is recommended you build the fire over a rock. In case it is not possible on a rock, you should be sure that the base of the fire is on a bare mineral soil. The fire will be burning all evening, thus will have a great deal of time to burn through the organic layer of the soil. When the time comes to put out the fire, a simple bucket of water won’t do-have a fire extinguishing mechanism in place. First, look out for previously established pits, if any, before scarring the area with more fire pits.
Campfire for cooking needs to be clean, and burning hot. Getting green wood from trees will not bear fruit as its fire burn badly and create unnecessary smoke. You can pack in dry wood to carry along in case it will not be available. Call ahead to see what is available as many people campgrounds supply firewood.
Strong winds are poisonous in cooking. And may cause sparks getting away, which can spark forest fire. Strong winds reduce firewood fast and offer much less cooking time. Thus, a wind shelter is necessary to daunt important winds from interfering with your cooking.
These are small materials that ignite easily and fast with a spark. The material need to be dry and finely shredded as possible.
Medium-sized substances that could catch fire from tinder, quickly. Kindling may include little twigs, dry leaves, larger pieces of barks, or sticks. Kindling material has to be dry, small items in order to catch fire.
Building a Campfire for Cooking
When building a campfire for cooking, the purpose is to have the timber turn to coal at precisely the same time. This would produce an even fire with no flames going up to the food or blackening your cookware. This also builds the longest cooking time from the fire produced.
The fire site should be located at least 8″ from any combustibles. Ensure no tree branches hang round the site. Use green logs or massive rocks to make a U-shaped perimeter around the fire area. If using logs for the perimeter, have them wetted down from time to time. In the event of a breeze, have back end of fire place face the wind. Create some kind of chimney; you can have a big flat rock put at the rear of the fire place, to help direct the smoke up and away.
Laying the Kindling
Spread the fire area with tinder. Put kindling material over the tinder in layers, interchanging direction with every layer. You can employ use of thin splits of wood or small dead branches. Do not place kindling stuff the”teepee style”. Cover the entire fire area with the kindling heap. To start the fire, light the tinder material.
Blazing the Fire and Grading the Coals
When the kindling material is ablaze, add firewood. The wood should have the identical size, as far as possible. It is possible to use wood or wood branches. Spread wood evenly over the fire bed. When flames start to die down leaving largely white coals, remove the white coals by shoving them in the lower level at the front and rear end in a higher level. This would level the remaining coal to your liking. Set rocks or wetted green logs around the fire for placing the grill or toaster for cooking.
Even though the tepee method is much more popular, the log cabin procedure is the best for cooking.
Log Cabin Method
First, you build a small tepee of tinder and kindling in the center of your fireplace. Then stack wood logs a foot or less apart in an interchanging pattern around the tepee in the shape of a square. The distance between logs allows for air flow from bottom to top of the fireplace. Build the timber logs as large as you would like. Light the kindling in the center. You can blow into the tepee if the fire struggles to set ablaze or dig small air holes beneath the base logs. Keep the fire at a fair and safe size.
This is achieved by building a solid log cabin, with the largest logs at the bottom and something about the size of your wrist on top. The platform is for those who want a wonderful bed of coals to cook . You don’t need to wait for all of it to burn down before you start cooking.
The platform procedure is known as”upside down” fire when bigger logs are used. It is maintained for its ability to burn for a long time, unattended. Remember to put the biggest logs on the bottom and scale to smaller stuff on top. Light fire on top. As you practice, you will figure out the perfect size of wood needed to make fire that burns on its own, all night.
It can be slightly difficult learning how to create campfire using platform procedure. The trick is to produce a large enough teepee on top so as to create a bed of coals that will be capable of burning through the first layer, igniting it, building a larger bed of coals etc..
The Tepee Method
Compact the tinder to a ball formation, about 4″ in diameter. Then place it in the middle of the fire place. Stack the kindling material to a corn formation, around the tinder. Lean wood logs on the kindling. Leave an opening at the teepee for light the pile of tinder from the bottom with matches. The fire spreads to the kindling and logs once the tinder lights; providing you a great campfire. You can blow softly on the fire to get it spread to the kindling and wood. In case the fire goes out, add more tinder or kindling. When the blaze is moving, keep adding logs from the tepee pattern.
Never build your campfire closer than 6 feet from your shield, near low-hanging branches, or vegetation.
There are a whole lot of ways to construct campfire, but the important thing here is to practice, find the method that suits your cooking and you’re comfortable with. You can even customize the fire to your unique needs on a given night, Practicing the hard way, with Ferro rod, knife and tinder, and leaning to prepare your own wood with limited tools helps develop vital skills for survival.